No escaping a hard decision

(Another version has been cross posted at Greater Greater Washington.)

February 27 update: MTA has released its single-track operational analysis study and report to the County Council and other interested parties today. Unless experts can find major flaws in the study, I think we can put this issue to rest.

This blog has followed the evolving plans for the CCT and the Purple Line at the Bethesda Air-Rights Tunnel with numerous posts in the Bethesda Tunnel blog thread. Planners have been struggling with the rising cost estimates for keeping the CCT in the Bethesda Tunnel on an overhead structure above the Purple Line, and have requested the MTA look at alternative approaches including: 1) moving the Bethesda station platform east of the tunnel; 2) moving the platform to be under a new, redeveloped Air-Rights Building; and 3) using variations of platform locations that use reduced width track profile in the tunnel, i.e. single track or gauntlet track. The MTA has just submitted a draft of its study findings to the County Council, CCT Tech Report_20120224, and the Council T&E Committee is scheduled to take the issue up in a March 1, 2012 worksession.

The report findings are a disappointment to those of us who had hoped we could escape making a very hard decision. All of the new alternatives would seriously degrade the level of service and operational capabilities of the Purple Line or would have unreasonable cost.

I can quibble with some parts of the MTA draft report – for example MTA’s analysis of the three reduced transitway width alternatives :

…All three of the reduced transitway width alternatives yielded very similar performance results in operational simulations. None of the three will enable the Purple Line to operate at the six-minute headway required to carry the peak period passenger demand. With substantial portions of the Purple Line operating in street-running conditions subject to traffic interference especially at intersections, the train operations need to be able to have a schedule recovery time at terminal stations, including the Bethesda Station. The operational limitations imposed by these reduced transitway width concepts at the Bethesda Station would not allow for this recovery time, which would severely reduce the reliability of the service for the entire Purple Line. Therefore, due to these fatal operational deficiencies, this family of alternatives was eliminated from further study.

This analysis would apply to the CCCT single-track proposal as well. But the MTA draft report gives no information on the method and assumptions used for the operational simulations. While I may not be qualified to judge the technical merits of the simulation, there are interested parties in M-NCPPC, MCDOT, and in the trails community who can. I will feel more comfortable accepting the MTA conclusion if they make the operation simulation available for review. In fairness, this is an early draft report and perhaps the final report will show more. In any case I reluctantly think they are probably right on this. I can find no examples of successful single-track operations for a terminal station with a short headway requirement.

As much as I wish it were otherwise, we are back to the hard choice: either spend a now estimated $50.9M and take considerable construction risk to keep the trail in the tunnel in an overhead structure, or develop the alternative surface route across Wisconsin Avenue.

For me the right choice is to develop the alternative surface route to the fullest extent possible. $50.9M is simply too much money to spend to avoid one at-grade crossing for the trail. That cost will double the total cost of rebuilding the CCT, putting the whole trail project at much higher risk of being abandoned in these very difficult budget times. As I observed at Taking a hard look at the tunnel I don’t think the switchback and cage on the tunnel route will be attractive to most of us, certainly not inviting enough to justify spending $50.9M. There is also too much risk that digging under the APEX building will destabilize the entire building. I’m still in shock at seeing our long transit center nightmare in Silver Spring because engineers underestimated the risk of a construction method. I don’t want another mess like that along the future CCT in Bethesda.

I think it is likely the Council will decide against accepting the cost and risk that comes with keeping the CCT in the Bethesda Tunnel. The political blowback from this decision will be intense, you can already see some of that in the comments to the Washington Post story Planners reject proposal…. “Save the Trail” advocate Pam Browning and others are advocating for a third option, i.e. kill the Purple Line. But they have the Tunnel Vision that comes with thinking that CCT means “Chevy Chase’s Trail”. They care little about whether the CCT is ever completed into downtown Silver Spring, and would have us obsess about one trail crossing at Wisconsin Avenue while overlooking the many other at-grade crossings and the on-road trail route we continue to deal with east of Bethesda.

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6 Responses to “No escaping a hard decision”

  1. Crickey7 says:

    I suspect the Planning staff had implicit instructions to find reasons to support a particular conclusion. And in that vein, I, too could find fault with elements of the study that are not done quite right.

    At the end of the day, though, a better study would probably reach the same conclusion. We will have other battles to fight before the trail alongside the Purple Line is finally completed, and we’ll need to conserve our ammunition for those rather than waste it on matters where neither the numbers nor the politics line up.

  2. great comments about a tough trade-off … logic suggests building the Purple Line and putting a small fraction of the $50.9M into a safe Wisconsin Av CCT crossing … ^z

  3. admin says:

    @ Jack: “So what do you think of Steve Offutt’s commentary?”

    The commentary makes me want MTA to show us much more of the financial analysis they did to conclude that rebuilding the Air Rights Building was too costly. Much like their operational analysis of single-track, they did not share any of the assumptions and numbers from the analysis itself with us in their preliminary draft report, so we are left being forced to take their word for it.

    My second reaction is that there are a lot of “moving pieces” to make redevelopment work in a cost effective way for something like this. It may take longer than until FY15 to get the property owners, tenants, a developer, and the Planning Board all working to the same plan. And this is not a good economic climate. Builders are hardly rushing to take down office buildings to build bigger office buildings right now. I know the business climate goes in cycles and in time the economic conditions can work for us as Offutt proposes. But we cannot hold up the Purple Line project and wait for this, the whole project will only become more expensive the longer we delay.

    So – given what I can find now, I’d not make the Purple Line design conditional on Air Rights redevelopment. But I would like to see the idea be kept available in case the Purple Line construction schedule and the economic conditions change to make it possible without disrupting the project.

  4. Steve O says:

    One way to reduce the number of moving pieces is to have MoCo buy the Air Rights building. At the worst, offer the owners the $19M it’s assessed at and see what they say. If they balk at that “low-ball” figure, then the county says, “Thank you very much, we’ll make sure your more accurate figure is reflected in your tax assessment value.”
    Should the county own it, then they can manage the timing. Take it down just as the PL is getting underway. Then design and build new, state-of-the-art support columns. Then sell the property at its much higher value.

    The county doesn’t even have to come close to breaking even (but it would be great if it did–and it might), because it had already intended to spend $x million on the bike path in the tunnel (something less than $40M; what if the cost had been $10M? Maybe not a big debate). Also, big savings on PL construction and improved design, because the columns can be located to serve the rail line rather than vice versa. AND, the new building will pay almost $1M more each year in taxes.

    I’d love to see those figures, too. Did they only account for the costs of purchasing and demolishing without also accounting for the increased value of the property and increased future taxes? Any analysis that only looks at one side of the ledger is grossly incomplete, and undoubtedly wrong.

  5. I wrote to Council T&E Chair Roger Berliner in support of investigating the full redevelopment idea (Steve O’s idea). When you build a new rail station and crossing under existing buildings you get the problems we’re having here… too many constraints. In a lot of cities I think they’d try to integrate it into an overall redevelopment. Steve believes the buildings will be redeveloped someday anyway. Do it as one project. I understand everyone’s need for closure so we can move on, but I want to make sure it’s done right even if there’s some delay (how much?) and that means getting the trail tunnel (but not at $50M). At least we need a full transparent examination of all the ideas, and that’s what I asked for from Berliner. I’d like to see others ask for the same thing.

    I don’t know about expectations and promises. Purple Line opponents said the Purple Line would kick the trail out of the tunnel and I told them that would never happen because of the trail’s importance. Maybe I shouldn’t have had that expectation, but a lot of people were saying the same thing.

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